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Samanea saman
Samanea saman
Botanical Name         : Samanea saman
Common Name          : Rain Tree, Pukul Lima, Monkey-Pod Tree, East Indian Walnut
Family                           : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Origin                            : A tropical American tree, first introduced into Singapore in 1876
General Info
Rain Tree is fast growing and grows best on well-drained fertile soils. It transplants well with a high rate of success when young. Pigeon orchids, Stag’s horn ferns, Bird nest ferns and other epiphytes are commonly found on old trees. An interesting variant, known as the Yellow Rain tree- its presence observed since the early 1950s- has light green to golden yellow leaves, and is becoming increasingly popular for planting, due to its beautiful foliage.
Botanical Features
Form: A lofty deciduous tree with a massive umbrella-shaped widely spreading crown, Rain Tree can grow up to 20-25 m high, with a crown spread of 20-30 m.
Leaf: The leaves are twice pinnate compound, with 3-6 pairs of side stalks, each with 3-8 pairs of oval shaped leaflets 3-6 cm long.
Flower: The fruits are thick elongated pods, which are fleshy on the inside with numerous seeds. They are 20-24 cm in length, and ripen to a black colour, and do not split open when mature.
Trunk: The trunk is short and scarcely buttressed. The bark is brown, slightly rough and flaky in parts. The wood is dark walnut to dark chocolate brown which turns light to golden brown with darker streaks when seasoned.
Point of Interest
Rain Tree is commonly planted throughout Singapore for shape, and can be seen almost anywhere. It is most commonly used for planting along major roads or expressways to create an avenue or green tunnel effect. The durable timber is resistant to fungus and termites, and is used in fine furniture, cabinetwork, millwork, decorative veneer and joinery. The fruit pods are nutritious and are eaten by cattle, hogs, and goats.
 
 
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